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Autore: Alessandro
48009 Messerschmitt Me P.1101

48009 Messerschmitt Me P.1101

The Messerschmitt P.1101 was a prototype German single-seat all-weather interceptor fighter developed in response to the July 1944 request for an emergency fighter, which was to form the second generation of jets for the Third Reich. A feature of the P.1101 prototype was that the wing sweep could be adjusted before flight, making this aircraft the forerunner of modern combat aircraft with variable geometry wings, such as the F-14 Tomcat.

On 15 July 1944, the Luftwaffe high command issued requirements for an “emergency fighter” (Jägernotprogramm), equipped with jet propulsion capable of reaching a speed of approximately 1,000 km/h.Nine days after the official issuing of the requirements, engineer Hans Hornung, from the technical office of Messerschmitt AG, had already drawn up the paper draft of the P.1101 project. The aircraft initially developed had a 1,300 kg/s Heinkel HeS 109-011 turbojet engine, with two round-shaped supply air intakes located at the front on the sides of the cockpit. The latter was positioned in the front part of the fuselage, equipped with a canopy completely integrated into the round nose of the aircraft. The aircraft was a monoplane, with a medium wing having a double delta configuration,and a sweep angle of 40° at the root and 26° at the ends. The fuselage was short and wide, featuring V-tail empennages mounted on a tapered rod that extended above the engine nozzle. The landing gear was tricycle nose gear, fully retractable. The planned armament was based on two 30 mm Rheinmetall-Borsig Mk 108 cannons positioned in the forward part of the fuselage, and the aircraft could emergency carry a 500 kg bomb. After the preliminary examination of the project, which took place in August 1944, the aircraft was shelved by the German military authorities.

However, engineer Willy Messerschmitt strongly believed in this aircraft,[4] and during a working meeting which took place between 8 and 10 September 1944, he gave the task to engineers Hans Hornblug and Woldemar Voigt to completely redesign the previous aircraft aircraft. At the end of September the preliminary design of the P.1101 had evolved considerably: the previous fuselage, with a squat and very robust shape, had been lengthened and made more aerodynamic, and a conical section nose[6] had also been added in front of the cockpit. The double delta wing was also abandoned, and in its place the already tested one of the Me 262 fighter was installed. The new armament planned for the aircraft was based on various combinations: two 30-meter Rheinmetall-Borsig MK 108 cannons in the front of the fuselage and a 20 mm Mauser MG-151/20, or 30 mm Rheinmetall-Borsig Mk 103, or 55. mm Mk 112 positioned obliquely inside. The project was further developed and after wind tunnel testing of some wings and fuselages, the project was modified and declared concluded, with the decision, taken privately by Messerschmitt in October 1944,[ to undertake the construction of an aircraft 1:1 scale for flight tests. Completion of the design and related tests were submitted to the Construction Office on 10 November 1944, and selection of materials for production began on 4 December 1944.

 

3 decal variants:

1. Messerschmitt P.1101, 1./JG51, 1946 /alternate marking/

2. Messerschmitt P.1101, 9./JG52, 1946 /alternate marking/

3. Messerschmitt P.1101, Czechoslovakia, 1947 /alternate marking/