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Autore: Alessandro
48011 Messerschmitt Me P.1101 Rs Models

48011 Messerschmitt Me P.1101 Rs Models

The Messerschmitt P.1101 was commissioned by OKL in the summer of 1944 and was the first aircraft in the world to have variable wing geometry. It could only be built on the ground at a yaw angle of 35° to 45°.
The Messerschmitt P.1101 was a World War II single-seat, single-jet fighter design, developed as part of the emergency fighter program of 15 July 1944[2] which sought a second generation jet fighter for the Third Reich. An important feature of the P.1101 prototype was that the sweep angle of the wings could be changed before flight, a feature further developed in later variable-sweep aircraft such as the Bell X-5 and Grumman XF10F Jaguar.

Within nine days of the issue of the July 15, 1944 design specifications for the Emergency Fighter, Messerschmitt’s design bureau, under the leadership of Dr. Woldemar Voigt, had formed a preliminary paper design for the P.1101. The initially developed aircraft had a short, wide fuselage, tricycle landing gear, and center-mounted wings with a 40° inboard rake[3] near the fuselage and a 26° shallower outboard.[2] The single HeS 011 jet engine was to be mounted internally within the fuselage, being drawn from two rounded intakes located on either side of the cockpit.[2] The high tail was of a V-shaped configuration,[2] and mounted on a tapered boom that extended above and beyond the jet exhaust, while the cockpit was mounted forward, with the canopy integrated into the fuselage and forming part of the nose rounded of the plane. the plane.

By late August 1944, the design, still in paper form, had evolved into a more elegant version, with the previously robust fuselage lengthened and narrowed with a conical nose section, added forward of the cockpit. The compound swept wing was also abandoned, while the Me 262’s outer wing was retrofitted instead. Proposals were also made for a combination pulse jet and rocket, the P.1101L.[2] The design was further developed, including a longer nose,[2] and following wind tunnel testing of a number of wing and fuselage profiles, the decision was made to undertake construction of a full-scale test aircraft. The final design and related test data were submitted to the Construction Office on 10 November 1944, and the selection of production materials began on 4 December 1944.

On 28 February 1945, the RLM selected a competing design, the Focke-Wulf Ta 183, as the winner of the Emergency Fighter program. This decision was based in part on the significant design difficulties encountered by the Messerschmitt P.1101 design team. For example, the gun installation was proving too crowded, the main wheel retraction and door mechanisms were too complex, the fuselage needed many “hard points” to handle the loads, and the expected performance had fallen below expectations. RLM specifications, due to weight gain. .

3 decal variants:

1. Messerschmitt P.1101, 9./JG54, Luftwaffe, 1946 /alternate marking/

2. Messerschmitt P.1101, 4./JG51, Luftwaffe, 1946 /alternate marking/

3. Messerschmitt P.1101, captured prototype, 1946 /alternate marking/

 

The Heinkel HeS 011 engine was supposed to be used, but the prototype was fitted with a Jumo 004 engine. Before the prototype was completed in April 1945, the Americans occupied the Messerschmitt factory in Oberammergau and took the prototype to the US and became with a pattern for the Bell X-5 airplane, which could already change the angle of the wing even in flight.