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Autore: Alessandro
92284 Heinkel He-46C “Nachtschlacht” Rs Models 1/72 Scale 

92284 Heinkel He-46C “Nachtschlacht” Rs Models 1/72 Scale 

The Heinkel He 46 was a German World War II monoplane designed in 1931 for close-in reconnaissance and military cooperation roles. While it only served briefly in front-line units of the Luftwaffe at the beginning of World War II, the He 46 served until 1943 as a night nuisance bomber and with the Hungarian Air Force.

During the early 1930s, the German army began to strengthen. The RLM (German Air Ministry) wanted aircraft that could be built quickly and that were capable of expanding the Luftwaffe’s inventory with large numbers of training aircraft. Ernst Heinkel designed many of these early airplanes. The He 46, for example, was created to fill the short-range reconnaissance and military cooperation role for the Luftwaffe.

Designed in 1931, the He 46 was a two-seat sesquiplane of mixed construction. The upper wing was moved back 10°. This is a common trick when a change in an aircraft’s design shifts the center of gravity towards the rear; instead of moving the entire wing back to counteract the shift, it is easier to simply tilt the wings back slightly, which requires very few changes to the basic design, or even the overall structure of the wing. (The similarly swept wings on the Fairey Swordfish are due to just such a change in the aircraft’s weight distribution.)

The tailplane was mounted high and strengthened by struts. The chassis was fixed and the tail was equipped with a skid instead of a wheel. The He 46 prototype first flew in late 1931; its flight characteristics were good, but design improvements were incorporated. The small lower wing was removed, while the main aircraft was increased in area by 22% and strengthened at the fuselage, transforming the He 46 into a parasol-wing monoplane. A more powerful engine was added to the second prototype, and a single 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine gun for the rear seat was added to the third prototype