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Autore: Alessandro
AMX Ghibli Italeri 1/72 Scale Review

AMX Ghibli Italeri 1/72 Scale Review

Kit 1460 contains:
  • 2 highly detailed plastic new 100 % sprues
  • Decals for 4 versions of the aircraft
  • Photoetchings
  • Instruction manual with 18 steps
  • Does not include figures
Suggested colors:
  • Flat black
  • Flat white
  • Flat Light Grey
  • Flat gun metal
  • Flat Aluminum
  • Flat military green
  • Gloss silver metal
  • Gloss red
  • Gloss green
History
The AMX International AMX (called Ghibli in the Italian Air Force) is a single-engine, swept-wing high-wing jet ground attack aircraft produced in Italy and Brazil since the 1980s and still in operation.
Born following a requirement from the Air Force and the Força Aérea Brasileira for a tactical support aircraft (CAS, Close Air Support), and for Italian specifications, it is the natural replacement for the G-91Y. It was acquired by the Air Force in 110 examples, together with 26 two-seater examples (AMX-T).
In June 1977 the Italian Air Force issued a specification for the supply of an aircraft capable of replacing the Lockheed F-104G/S and Aeritalia G-91Y ground attack fighters and G-91R and T training fighters that had concluded their operational life in a few years.
From the early seventies, Italy was participating, with then West Germany and the United Kingdom, in a development program for a new combat aircraft, founding the Panavia consortium which would generate the multirole Tornado, but the needs of the AM They were also directed towards an aircraft of smaller dimensions and less economically burdensome for the budgets of the Italian air force, an aircraft that could still be placed alongside the future Tornado fleet in operational service.
Aeritalia (later to become Alenia), which had been developing a project capable of satisfying these needs since 1973, decided to involve Aermacchi and, working together, the two companies were able, in April 1978, to respond to the request with a new project, which takes on the designation of Aeritalia Macchi Experimental (AMX).
In the meantime, Brazil was also looking for a proposal to equip its air force with a new light aircraft with tactical capabilities and, after a series of discussions between the governments of the two nations, a specification was reached, signed in March 1981, which would satisfy both. As a result, the Brazilian government was also able to include Embraer as a joint developer of the project. The agreement was finally sealed the following July and the final stages of the development of the AMX began with the aim of building 6 prototypes.
The aircraft was conceived as a single-seat light ground attack aircraft (AMX) and as a two-seat advanced training aircraft with strike capability (AMX-T).
Called A-1 in Brazil and Ghibli in Italy, it received mixed reviews from experts and public opinion. The AMX is, in fact, an aircraft that has caused much discussion regarding its real effectiveness, in relation to the investments made and the role to which it has been assigned.[4] The definition of the project was developed by a working group, made up of Eng. Ermanno Bazzocchi (Aermacchi), by eng. Giulio Ciampolini (Aeritalia), from gen. Franco Ferri and Gen. Luciano Meloni, in accordance with the requirements of the air forces of Italy and Brazil. The first flight took place on May 15, 1984, under the command of Manlio Quarantelli. On the following 1 June, the prototype, again piloted by Manlio Quarantelli, crashed on its fifth flight and the pilot later died of his injuries.
The basic mission involved the use of 6 500 lb Mk 82 bombs over a distance of 180 NM (about 330 km), to be flown at low or very low altitude at high-subsonic speeds (over 900 km/h). Furthermore, the ability to use an Orpheus recognition pod, already supplied to the Air Force’s Lockheed F-104 Starfighters, was required.
An AMX fighter exhibited at the Circus Maximus in Rome for the 2011 Armed Forces Day
The project was developed according to the requirement,[6] paying particular attention to the aspects of cost, maintainability and survivability. The electrical, hydraulic and flight control systems are equipped with emergency systems capable of returning the aircraft to base, albeit with reduced performance, even in the event of a failure of one or more main systems. The AMX is capable of taking off from semi-prepared runways and is equipped with an emergency stop hook.
After its baptism of fire in Kosovo during Operation Allied Force, the Ghibli was judged to be a valid fighter-bomber, with good avionics, and economical.
The response obtained from the field has re-evaluated its role in supporting the Tornado IDS, especially useful in daytime missions that are not so important and risky as to require intervention by the other, more aggressive, but expensive aircraft.
The AMX in the two-seat AMX-T variant was selected by Venezuela in 2002 as an advanced training and attack aircraft. A contract was signed for the supply of 12 examples with Embraer, but the United States government banned the export of domestically produced parts, given the bad relations between the two states, and the contract was cancelled.
The Italian version uses the 20 mm caliber M61A1 Vulcan cannon, while the Brazilian version uses 2 30 mm DEFA 554 cannons produced under license by Industrias Bernardini de São Paulo. The air-to-air armament includes 2 infrared guided missiles installed on the wingtip ramps (in the Italian version 2 AIM-9L, in the future 2 IRIS-T).
The AMX features two underwing pylons for each wing and one ventral pylon. The external underwing pylons can carry loads of up to 1000 lb (about 450 kg) and the internal ones loads of up to 2000 lb (about 900 kg) and are all capable of using dropable underwing tanks. The central fuselage pylon can carry loads of up to 2000 pounds. Load doublers, called Twin Store Carriers (TSC), can be installed on the internal pylons and on the central fuselage.[6]
The air-to-ground armament includes a wide range of free-fall bombs (Mk.82 and Mk.83), laser and GPS guidance (for the Italian version), GBU-16 and GBU-32 type, JDAM, rocket
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